Chandigarh Botanical Garden & Nature Park

Background

Chandigarh, the ‘City Beautiful’ situated in the foothirlls of Shivaliks is blessed with a climate that is suitable to accommodate number of species of flora of different climatic regions. It is worthwhile setting up a Botanical Garden here with a purpose to conserve the flora of the region as well as those exotic and near extinct species. With this background, Chandigarh Administration has established a Botanical Garden near village Sarangpur. This garden spreads over 176 acres of land. 

The foundation stone was laid on 30th May, 2002 by Lt. Gen. (Retd.) J.F.R. Jacob, the then Administrator, U.T. Chandigarh. This garden has been connected with the nature reserve known as Patiala-ki-Rao forest through a causeway. Patiala-ki-Rao forest spreads over 350 acres of land. Gen. (Retd.) Dr. S. F. Rodrigues, the then Governor of Punjab & Administrator, U.T. Chandigarh, the champion of the cause of environment and keen nature lover, guided the project through his constant inspiration and guidance. H.E. inaugurated the garden on 2nd January, 2007. This garden when fully developed would be one of the biggest in this region.

The garden consists of 15 Botanical Sections. The primary aim of setting up of Botanical Garden is to promote research, education, ex-situ conservation and to spread awareness about our floral heritage. In addition, the garden would help promote eco-tourism in Chandigarh. Various sections in the Garden are:-

Medicinal Plants Garden: Medicinal Plants Garden/ Herbal Garden has been developed over 40 acres of land. More than 75 species of medicinal trees and 55 species of medicinal shrubs, herbs & climbers have already been planted in this section. Tree species like Harar, Bahera, Amla, Neem, Arjun, Maulsari, Bael, Kathal, Sandalwood, Kachnar, Camphor, Lasura, Goolar, Rudraksha, Jamun, Sita Ashok, Guggul, Putranjeeva etc. have been planted alongwith about 55 varieties of medicinal herbs like Giloy, Akarkara, Gokhru, Ghritkumari, Ashwagandha, Sarpagandha, Tulsi, Mehndi, Kalmegh, Bhringraj, Mandukapami, Brahmi, Bansa, Vacha etc. The list of medicinal trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers is following :-

Medicinal Trees planted in Chandigarh Botanical Garden (Medicinal Plants Section)

Medicinal Trees

Botanical name Common name
Acacia catechu Khair
Hadina cordifolia Haldu
Aegle marmelos  Bel
Albizia lebbeck  Siris
Alstonia scholaris Saptaparni
Artocarpus heterophyllus Kathal
Artocarpus chaplasha   Barhal
Artocarpus lacucha  Dheu
Artabotrys odoratissimus  Hari Champa
Annona squamosa Sitaphal
Anogeissus latifolia Chhal
Anogeissus pendula   Dhoy
Anthocephalus cadamba Kadamb
Azadirachta indica Neem
Bauhinia variegata  Kachnar
Boswellia serrata Salai
Bombax ceiba Red Silk Cotton Tree
Butea frondosa Dhak, Palash
Cassia fistula Amaltas
Casearia tomentosa  Chilla
Cedrela toona  Toon
Cinnamomum camphora  Camphor Tree
Cinnamomum tamala  Tejpatta
Cordia dichotoma Lasora
Cocculus laurifolius Tilpara
Commiphora wightii Guggul
Crateva adansonii  Barna
Dalbergia sissoo  Shisham
Diospyros montana Kendu
Elaeocarpus ganitrus Rudraksha
Emblica officinalis Amla
Erythrina variegata Indian Coral Tree
Eugenia cuspidate Jamoa
Ficus bengalensis Banyan Tree
Ficus religiosa Pipal
Ficus glomerata Goolar
Garcinia indica Kokum
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo Tree
Gmelina arborea Gamhar
Grewia asiatica   Phalsa
Holarrhena antidysenterica  Kurchi
Kigelia pinnata Balamkhira
Lannea coromandelica Jhingini 
Madhuca indica Mahua
Mangifera indica Mango
Mesua ferrea Nagkesar
Melia azedarach Bakain
Mimusops elengi Maulsiri
Mimusops hexandra Khirni
Moringa oleifera Sohanjana
Morus alba Shahtoot
Murraya koenigii Curry patta
Oroxylum indicum Pharrai
Pterospermum acerifolium Kanak Champa
Pithecellobium dulce  Jungli Jalebi
Pongamia pinnata   Karanj
Prosopis spicigera Khejri
Psidium guajava Amrood
Putranjiva roxburghii Putranjiva
Salvadora persica Pilu
Saraca indica Ashoka
Salix babylonica(water front) Weeping Willow
Santalum album Sandalwood
Sapindus mukorossi  Ritha
Schleichera oleosa  Kusum
Shorea robusta Sal
Sterculia urens Kulu, Kurdu
Swietenia mahagoni Mahogany
Syzygium cumini Jamun
Taxus baccata Taxus
Tecomella undulata Rohida Tree
Tamarindus indica Imli
Terminalia bellirica Bahera
Terminalia chebula   Harad
Terminalia elliptica  Asan
Terminalia Arjuna Arjun
Terminalia myriocarpa Hollock

Medicinal Shrubs

Botanical name Common name
Abrus precatorius Ratti
Abutilon indicum Kanghi
Acorus calamus Vacha
Achyranthes aspera Apamarga
Adhatoda vasica Vasaka
Aloe barbedensis Ghrit Kumari
Asparagus racemosus Satavari
Andrographis paniculata Kalmegh
Bacopa monnieri Brahmi
Barleria prionites Kala Bansa
Barleria lupulina snake Bush
Boerhavia diffusa  Punarnava
Cassia angustifolia    Senna
Calotropis procera Aak
Calotropis gigantea Safed Aak
Catharanthus roseus  Sadabahar  
Carissa congesta Karonda
Cassia tora Panwar
Centella asiatica Manduparni
Clitoria ternatea Aparajita
Coleus barbatus Patharchat
Curcuma longa Haldi
Cymbopogon citrates  Lemon Grass  
Cymbopogon nanus Citronela
Datura metel Safed Dhatura
Datura alba Dhatura
Eclipta alba  Bhringaraj
Zingiber officinale  Adrak
Geranium wallichianum  Lal Jari, Ratanjot
Glycyrrhiza glabra Mulathi 
Gymnema sylvestre Gurmar
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis  Gurhal
Iberis amara  Chandni
Jasminum grandiflorum Chameli
Justicia gendarussa  Nili Nargandi, Kala Bashimb
Lawsonia inermis Mehendi
Mentha x piperita  Vilayati Pudina, Peppermint
Mimosa pudica  Lajwanti
Mucuna pruriens Kiwach
Nerium oleander Kaner
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis  Harshringar
Ocimum basilicum Kali Tulsi
Ocimum gratissimum  Ram Tulsi
Ocimum kilimandscharicum Kapur Tulsi
Ocimum sanctum Tulsi
Piper longum  Pippali
Phyllanthus niruri Bhui Amla
Plumbago zeylanica Chitrak
Rauwolfia serpentina Sarpagandha
Ricinus communis Arandi 
Sida cordifolia  Mahabala
Solanum xanthocarpum Kantakari
Spilanthes acmella Akarkar
Thevetia neriifolia  Pili Kaner
Tephrosia purpurea Sharpunkha
Thuja compacta Mayur Pankh
Tinospora cordifolia Giloy
Tribulus terrestris Gokharu
Tylophora indica Anatamul
Vetiver Khus
Vitex negundo Nirgundi
Withania Somnifera Ashwagandha
Woodfordia fruticosa Dhawai 

Bambusetum: 22 species of bamboos and 3 species of canes have been planted along two seasonal nallahs passing through the Botanical Garden. A few fern species have, however, been included and planted in shade.

Ficus Grove: 18 species of Ficus have been planted in this section. Adequate space has been left to include more species in future. The list of species is following :-

List of Ficus species planted in Botanical Garden [Ficus Grove Section]

Botanical name Common name
Ficus religiosa Peepal
Ficus infectoria Pilkhan
Ficus krishnae Krishna Badh
Ficus glomerata Goolar
Ficus retusa Chilkan, Kamarup
Ficus benjamina Weeping Fig
Ficus nuda Benjamina
Ficus elastica (ordinary) Rubber Tree
Ficus elastica (Black prince) Rubber Bush 
Ficus panda Ficus Panda 
Ficus palmata Anjiri
Ficus variegated Red-Stem Fig 
Ficus lyrata Fiddle Leaf Tree
Ficus mysorensis Mysore Fig Tree 
Bur variegated  
Ficus sterlight  
Ficus tseila  

Arboretum: This section consists of more than 90 species of different kinds of trees. About 70 more species of trees could be included in this section in future.

Tree species planted in Arboretum

Botanical name Common name
Acacia tortilis Vilayati Kikar
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Pink Cedar
Haldina cordifolia Haldu
Aegle marmelos Bel
Aesculus indica Indian Horse Chestnut
Ailanthus excelsa Mahanimb (tree of heaven)
Alnus nepalensis Utis, Indian Alder 
Alstonia scholaris Devil tree
Annona squamosa Sitaphal or Sharifa
 Anthocephalus cadamba Kadamb
Artocarpus lakoocha Deophal or Lakooch
Artocarpus heterophyllus Kathal
Ashok pendula Ashok
Ashok serpantina Ashok
Azadirachta indica Neem
Betula alnoides Indian Birch
Bischofia javanica Paniala, Kein, Kanji
Bombax ceiba Semal
Boswellia serrata Salai
Canarium resiniferum Dhuna 
Cedrela toona Tun 
Celtis australis Honeyberry
Chukrasia tabularis Chukrasia
Cordia dichotoma Lasora
Couroupita guianensis Cannon Ball Tree
Dalbergia latifolia Indian Rosewood
Desmodium tilifolium Tick Clover
Diospyros embryopteris Ghab  
Diospyros montana Bistendu, Kendu
Dillenia indica Chalta  
Dipterocarpus macrocarpus Hollong
Elaeocarpus ganitrus Rudraksha
Erythrina indica Indian Coral TREE
Eugenia cuspidata Jamoa
Ficus cunia Khunia
Gmelina arborea Gamhar
Grevillea robusta Silver Oak
Hardwickia binata Anjan
Haplophragma adenophyllum  Marodphali 
Holoptelea integrifolia  Pahari Papri
Jatropha gossypiifolia Lal Bherenda
Kigelia pinnata Balam Khira
Lannea coromandelica Jhingini
Leucaena leucocephala Ku-babul or White Babul
Litchi chinensis Lichi
Madhuca indica Mahua
Magnolia grandiflora  Him Champa
Mangifera indica Aam
Melia azedarach  Bakain
Mesua ferrea Naagkesar (Nahar)
Mimusops elengi Maulsari
Mimusops hexandra Khirni
Moringa oleifera Senjana
Morus alba Shahtoot
Murraya koenigii Currypatta
Oroxylum indicum Dirghavrinta, Kutannat, Putivriksha
Albizia saman  Raintree 
Platanus orientalis Chinar
Polyalthia longifolia Ashok
Pterospermum acerifolium Kanak Champa
Putranjiva roxburghii Jivanputra
Quercus incana Oak tree (Baanj)
Salix tetrasperma Indian Willow
Sapindus mukorossi Ritha
Sapium sebiferum Makhan Tree
Schleichera trijuga Kusum
Shorea robusta Sal
Sterculia alata Buddha Coconut
Sterculia urens Kulu
Swietenia mahagoni Mahagony
Syzygium cumini Jamun
Tamarindus indica Imli
Taxodium Taxodium
Tectona grandis Teak (Sagwan)
Terminalia bellirica Bahera
Terminalia myriocarpa Hollock
Thespesia populnea Tulip Tree
Trewia nudiflora False White Teak
Vitex negundo  Sambhalu
Ziziphus mauritiana Ber 

Ornamental/ Flowering Tree Section: More than 35 species of ornamental trees like Acacias, Lagerstroemia, Cassias and Bauhinias etc. have been planted in this section. The list of trees is following :-

 

ORNAMENTAL/FLOWERING TREES PLANTED IN CHANDIGARH BOTANICAL GARDEN (ORNAMENTAL SECTION)

Botanical name Common name
Acacia auriculiformis Australian Kikar
Acacia farnesiana Guh baboool, Gukikar
Acacia nilotica Kikar
Albizia lebbeck  Siris (Kokoo Tree) 
Albizia procera Safed Siris
Artabotrys odoratissimus Hari Champa
Barringtonia acutangula Samudraphala
Bauhinia alba Safed Kachnar
Bauhinia purpurea Geranium tree/ Kaniar
Bauhinia tomentosa Yellow Kachnar
Bauhinia variegata Kachnar
Bauhinia blackiana Kachnar
Bauhinia sulpharai Kachnar
Bauhinia acuminata Kachnar
Butea frondosa Dhak, Flame of the Forests
Cassia fistula Amaltas
Cassia javanica Java-Ki-Rani
Cassia nodosa Pink-Mohur
Cassia renigera Pink-Cassia
Cassia siamea Kassod
Callistemon lanceolatus Bottle Brush
Chorisia speciosa Silk Cotton Tree
Delonix regia Gulmohar
Erythrina indica Indian Coral Tree
Erythrina blakei Pangar 
Jacaranda mimosifolia Nili Gulmohar
Koelreuteria paniculata Golden Rain Tree
Lagerstroemia thorelli Queen’s Flower
L.flos reginae Pride of India
Millettia ovalifolia Rosewood
Murraya paniculata Kamini
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis  Har Singar 
Peltophorum ferrugineum Yellow Flame Tree
Plumeria alba Pagoda Tree
Plumeria rubra Golenchi/Golachin, Champa 
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust (Kashmiri Kikar)
Saraca asoca Sita Ashok
Tecoma argentea Yellow Tabebuia, Silver Trumpet 
Tecomella undulata Tree Roheda, Rohida
Terminalia myriocarpa Hollock

Pinetum: 12 coniferous species including pines have been planted in this section and few more will be added in future.

Palmatum: This section consists of 20 species of Palms and cycads. A part of this section has been devoted to include pseudo-palms too.

Sacred Grove: This section has been developed in the form of a Cosmic tree/ ‘Sarva Dharma Vriksha’. This ‘tree’ comprises 11 branches and each branch represents a specific religious Vatika. The Vatikas are :-

  • Ram Vatika
  • Krishan Vatika
  • Guru-ke-Bagh Vatika
  • Kurani Vatika
  • Christian Vatika
  • Navgraha Vatika
  • Shiv Vatika
  • Vishnu Vatika
  • Brahma Vatika
  • Jain Vatika
  • Budh Vatika

In these Vatikas, the trees associated with various religions have been planted.

Cactus & Succulent Section: More than 100 varieties of Cactus & Succulent plants have been collected from different sources to develop this section. A beautiful water body and water channel adds to its aesthetic value. Furthermore, a poly-house, poly-carb house and a glass-house are being added.

Aquatic Plants Section: This section will have more than 30 aquatic plant species.

 Rare Plants Section: An area of about 3 acres have been allocated to this section. The collection will include rare plants from India & abroad.

Tropical Rain Forest Section: A number of tree species specific to rain-forest have been planted in this section. This section would be enriched further with more such species and also matching features.

Bulbous Garden: This section will be developed over 2 acres of land. It will consist of a variety of Bulbous plants of this region.

Japanese Garden: This section is under development over 5 acres of land. The garden will have various Japanese features.

Nutrition garden: This section include fruit species suitable for temperate, tropical and sub tropical region. More than 15 fruit species have already been introduced in this section. Few more will be added in future.

Other salient features of the Botanical Garden:

Office-cum-Nature Interpretation Centre: The office building near Gate No.1 has been constructed as Nature Interpretation Centre. The exhibits related to medicinal plants and other kind of flora and wildlife will be displayed here to create awareness amongst the masses about the nature, environment, medicinal plants, forests & wildlife. A Conference Hall with a capacity to accommodate more than 100 persons would be utilized to educate the students, farmers, NGOs and other interested groups. Workshops & other activities related to environment education will also be carried out in the Conference Room.

 

There is a small Library with books on medicinal plants, forestry, wildlife, environment and set of magazines related to ecology and environment. The visitors/ tourists will have free access to the library.

Roads and Pathways: To go round the garden, a five km. cycle track has been laid. The department will provide ‘bicycle’ on a nominal rent to the visitors. A network of cement concrete pathways of 6 km. length criss-crossing the entire length & breadth of the garden has also been constructed to have close access to each section of the Botanical Garden.

Lake: 2 lakes have been developed along Patiala-ki-Rao and in Botanical Garden covering 15 & 8 acres of land respectively. These have been so designed as to harvest rain water. These aesthetically designed water bodies will also act as a percolation tanks. Few boats will also be provided to promote eco-tourism.

Water bodies: In addition to the lake, 5 more water bodies have been developed inside the garden. These water bodies will also harvest the rain water and add to the beauty of the garden. Besides, the purpose here too is to recharge the underground water aquifers.

Meditation Huts-cum-Rain Shelters: Two Meditation Huts have already been erected and 4 more will be added in due course.

Nursery-cum-Research Block: An exclusive nursery for Botanic Garden has already been developed over 2 acres of land. It consists of a green shade net-house and a poly-house too. Saplings of medicinal plants are already being distributed to the individuals/ organizations for the promotion of medicinal plants/ herbal gardens in U.T. Chandigarh.An area of 1 acre has been kept reserved for Herbarium and the Research Block.

Public Utility services: There is a provision of Toilets and water posts all along cycle tracks and pathways.

Cafeteria: An area of about an acre has been kept reserved for construction of a Cafeteria overlooking the lake in the garden.

Nature Reserve/ Nature Park:-

The Nature Reserve i.e. Patiala-ki-Rao forest which is connected with the Botanical Garden by a causeway has 3 km. of Nature Trail. A lake (water hole) spreading over 15 acres of land has been developed in Patiala-ki-Rao forests. This lake will act as a water hole for the wildlife present in the Patiala-ki-Rao forests and will also promote eco-tourism in the city.