Science & Technology & Renewable Energy
The Department of Science & Technology was established in UT Chandigarh in the year 1991-92. The main objective was to make use of the most of in-house Scientific and Technical Institutional Infrastructure in the Union Territory of Chandigarh and to prepare Science & Technology Plans relevant to the development of subjects. The work of Non Conventional Energy Sources was also entrusted to the Department. Department has constituted a registered society under it with the name Chandigarh Renewal Energy and Science & Technology Promotion Society (CREST) with a mandate to develop Chandigarh into a model solar city.
Organizational Structure of the department
There are different schemes being implemented under each
cell, which is as below:
Science & Technology Cell
1. Support to Research Institutions
The Department provides financial assistance to various Research Institutions located in UT Chandigarh for the Research & Development purpose. Under this scheme, a Committee of Experts exists, which evaluates and recommends the research proposals to the Administration of funding. The objective of the scheme is to support Research & Development in the field of Science & Technology which has direct relevance to the area of UT Chandigarh. Under this scheme, technical, research and educational institutions located in Chandigarh are provided with financial assistance for conducting short term research studies in the field of Science, Medicine, pollution, Engineering, horticulture, Biotechnology, Alternative Sources of Energy Conservation and any other area related to Science & Technology..
2. Popularisation of Science
This scheme was formulated to popularize the science among students and general masses. Various activities related to Science popularization including Organizing Science Quizzes, Science, State Level Science Exhibition, Science Tours, Competition on Scientific Models, Essay Writing amongst the school / college students, Publicity in Electronic, print or other media sponsoring innovative projects of students in the institutes/colleges of U.T, Chandigarh are taken up under the scheme.
Various activities are carried out throughout the year by different modes such as Print Media, Science Slides, Public Debates, Slogan Competition, Hand Bills, Audio & Visual Multimedia CDs, Poster Making, Quiz, Mobile Van, Drama / Skit, Healthcare Talk, Animation Posters etc., Lectures, Melas, Debates, Film Shows, Folk Performances & Science Exhibitions etc.
Non Conventional Sources
of Energy (NCSE)
i) Model Solar City Programme
The Union Territory of Chandigarh does not have its own power generating unit of any kind. It derives the power from the neighboring states and distributes to the consumers. It has to rely solely on the power generation capacity of these States and in case of any eventuality in these Stations the residents of the Chandigarh have also to suffer. To overcome from this situation, U.T has to produce its own power. The appropriate route for power generation suited to U.T, Chandigarh is Solar Photovoltaic. This is also a green energy initiative. As land is scarce resource in Chandigarh, so rooftop, based SPV plant are being planned.
Chandigarh has been selected to be developed as a Model Solar City by the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy. As per schemes/guidelines of the Govt. of India, initial financial support up to the maximum of Rs.9.50 Crore for developing Chandigarh as Model Solar City based on the Master Plan prepared under the schemes has been provided by GOI. The master plan submitted has been approved by MNRE, Govt. of India. Besides this, 30% central financial assistance shall be provided for other SPV projects by GOI. As per master plan of Solar City, there is a target of 10 MWp rooftop SPV Plant in 10 years i.e. upto 2022.
Under this scheme, CREST is the executing agency for Department of Science & Technology for rooftop based SPV Plant. Department of Science & Technology is also installing SPV Plants of smaller size on the Govt. residential buildings to promote the use of Solar Energy and as demonstration effect.
Further, ‘Solar City’ is an umbrella scheme with solar as umbrella tag, but it includes promotion of all renewable energy options. Under this scheme, efforts are be made and planned to promote solar street lights and other renewable energy initiatives.
For the development, implementation, coordinate and monitoring of the scheme of development of Chandigarh as Model Solar City, a Solar City cell has been setup in CREST.
ii) Solar Water Heating System (SWHS)
Solar Water Heating is one of the technologies being promoted by DST, Chandigarh Administration. Department used to provide 25% subsidy on the installation of SWHS of capacity 10 sqm, for domestic usage, to its resident. This assistance was over and above the 30% subsidy being provided by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), GoI. However, the scheme is discontinued in pursuance of withdrawal of subsidy regime by MNRE, GoI.
iii) Solar Green House
The Green House is a new concept for providing a controlled environment for development of off season vegetables/ flowers etc. This part of the country suffers from extreme weather condition. With a view to tide over the vagaries of extreme climatic conditions during winter and summer, it has been decided that the people should be encouraged to adopt solar green house technology in a big way. Also keeping in mind the land constraint of Chandigarh (Union Territory) this technology can prove more beneficial for raising high value Horticulture crops, off-season vegetables and as also multiplication of nursery plantations, which is otherwise difficult. This technology can also help the farmers in raising export oriented cut flowers etc. thereby increase their standard of living. The same can be used for raising medicinal plants etc. by Schools/Colleges, Eco-clubs etc.
iv) Sale and Promotion of Solar Cooker
Solar cooker is a box type device absorbing the radiant thermal heat of the sun. The device cooks the food, without any conventional fossil fuels. Moreover it preserves the vitamins and flavor of the raw food, substantially. Apart from all these advantages of solar energy cooking it has great service to women that they do not have to attend to the cooking continuously. Thus the time so saved can be conveniently utilized for other domestic chores.
v) Biogas generation plant from waste Vegetable/fruit/other wastes
Chandigarh has a big grain/ vegetable market and number of similar markets exist in other parts of the city which produce a lot of vegetable/ fruit waste. This vegetable/ fruit waste can be converted into bio-gas by processing the waste in a specially designed digester and besides this, also produce rich manure. Thus the city waste can be put to better use and save the city from nauseating, irritating and foul smell by installing biogas plants at these locations. Department is promoting this endeavour.
vi) State Level Energy Park
The state Level Energy Park has been set up in the Botanical Garden at Sarangpur, U.T. Chandigarh. The State Level Energy Park has different demonstration units based and run by Solar Energy, objects on theme Conservation of Energy, Solar run Video Games, Cars, Train, SPV Street Lights, Wind Energy generation, Storage of Energy etc.
The land measuring 3.00 acres and other facilities has been provided by the Department of Forests, Chandigarh Administration. The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India had sanctioned a financial assistance of Rs.88 lac to meet the procurement cost of different solar devices to be installed and commissioned in the Energy Park. The rest cost component has been met from U.T. funds.
vii) Mass Awareness and Seminars / Conferences
Mass Awareness is an important tool for educating the
masses and accelerating the use of these resources. Even
Govt. of India, Ministry of Non- Conventional Energy Sources
has recognized its importance and is laying greater emphasis
on this aspect. It has its own department and has produced
literature on various technologies like Solar, Wind ,
Bio-mass etc. It supports the State /UTs for bringing Mass
Awareness by providing funding for publicity. Keeping in
view the importance of mass awareness, it is proposed that
this aspect needs to be promoted in a big way.
Non Conventional Energy Sources, whether for urban or
rural use, is a new field. The information on the various
aspects of the technology whether it is a development of the
gadgets / devices, their commercialization or utilization is
very limited. There is always a need to share ideas, views
and knowledge among the developers, entrepreneurs, financial
institutions, implementing agencies etc.