Herbs for Every One
Botanical Name: Tinospora cordifolia Willd. (MENISPERMACEAE)
English Name: Giloe
Hindi Name: Giloe, Gulancha
Introduction: This plant is one of the oldest known
plants in Indian medicine. Sayana mentioned that this plant
is kept in every household to handle snake & scorpion
poisoning (Sou. Atharva. 6/65). Iat is one of the
extensively used herbs and famous for its anti-oxidant and
memory-enhancing properties. It is commonly used in the
management of fevers. It is one of the important herbs for
the management of gouty arthritis. At present it is found to
exhibit immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant, memory enhancing,
lithotriptic, anti- inflammatory etc activities. We come
across two varieties in the ayurvedic lexicons viz., Guduchi
(T. cordifolia) and Padma Guduchi (T. sinensis).
Distribution: It is large climber with succulent,
corky and grooved stems. Found almost throughout India.
These days under cultivation as well.
Chemical Constituents: Tinosporin, tinosporide &
cordifolide, tinosporidine, cordifol, tinosporaside,
cordifolosides A-E etc.
Parts Used: Stem, leaves, root
Properties: Bitter- astringent, anti-oxidant, memory-enchancer,
febrifuge, appetizer, hypolipidemic, anti-pruritic, anti-inflammataory,
Indications: Fevers, gout, anemia, jaundice/
hepatitis, diabetes, itching, dyslipidemia, obesity, piles,
geriatric problems etc.
Dose: Stem powder 3-6 g; decoction 50-100ml; infusion
30-60ml; fresh juice of leaves 10-20 ml; giloe sattva 1-2g.
- Filariasis : Giloe sattva is orally administered along
with sesamum oil.
- Vomiting: Infusion of giloe is orally administered with
Memory enchaner: It was studied and reported by Khara in
1983 & Mehta in 1994.
Anti-arthritic & diuretic activity: These activities were
reported by Sisodia & Laxminarayana, 1966.
Anti- inflammatory activity: First reported in 1966 by Rai &
Gupta. Water extract exhibit significant anti- inflammatory
and analgesic activity (Pendse et ag., 1980-1981).
Hepatoprotective activity: chronic liver damage was
effectively prevented ( Rege et al., 1984a) CCI4 induced
hepatotoxicity was reduced (Singh B et al., 1984a & Katewa &
Anti-oxidant activity: Root extract is reported ( Prince &
Cultivation Technology: It grows well in almost all
types of soils and under varying climatic conditions. The
plant is cultivated by stem cutting in the month of
May-June. Matured stem cuttings 8-10 cm size may be planted
either in nursery or in the field directly. It requires some
support preferably Neem and Mango trees such plants are
supposed to possess better medicinal values. Periodic hoeing
is done, both in the nursery & field as per requirement.
Compost or organic manure is preferred at nursery level. The
field after plantation should be irrigated periodically as
and when required weekly or fortnightly.
Harvesting: Matured stem my be obtained between 9
months to one.