Herbs for Every One

Botanical Name: Tinospora cordifolia Willd. (MENISPERMACEAE)
English Name: Giloe
Hindi Name: Giloe, Gulancha

Introduction: This plant is one of the oldest known plants in Indian medicine. Sayana mentioned that this plant is kept in every household to handle snake & scorpion poisoning (Sou. Atharva. 6/65). Iat is one of the extensively used herbs and famous for its anti-oxidant and memory-enhancing properties. It is commonly used in the management of fevers. It is one of the important herbs for the management of gouty arthritis. At present it is found to exhibit immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant, memory enhancing, lithotriptic, anti- inflammatory etc activities. We come across two varieties in the ayurvedic lexicons viz., Guduchi (T. cordifolia) and Padma Guduchi (T. sinensis).

Distribution: It is large climber with succulent, corky and grooved stems. Found almost throughout India. These days under cultivation as well.

Chemical Constituents: Tinosporin, tinosporide & cordifolide, tinosporidine, cordifol, tinosporaside, cordifolosides A-E etc.

Parts Used: Stem, leaves, root

Properties: Bitter- astringent, anti-oxidant, memory-enchancer, febrifuge, appetizer, hypolipidemic, anti-pruritic, anti-inflammataory, hepatoprotective etc.

Indications: Fevers, gout, anemia, jaundice/ hepatitis, diabetes, itching, dyslipidemia, obesity, piles, geriatric problems etc.

Dose: Stem powder 3-6 g; decoction 50-100ml; infusion 30-60ml; fresh juice of leaves 10-20 ml; giloe sattva 1-2g.

Therapeutic Uses:

  • Filariasis : Giloe sattva is orally administered along with sesamum oil.
  • Vomiting: Infusion of giloe is orally administered with honey.

Scientific Studies:

Memory enchaner: It was studied and reported by Khara in 1983 & Mehta in 1994.

Anti-arthritic & diuretic activity: These activities were reported by Sisodia & Laxminarayana, 1966.

Anti- inflammatory activity: First reported in 1966 by Rai & Gupta. Water extract exhibit significant anti- inflammatory and analgesic activity (Pendse et ag., 1980-1981).

Hepatoprotective activity: chronic liver damage was effectively prevented ( Rege et al., 1984a) CCI4 induced hepatotoxicity was reduced (Singh B et al., 1984a & Katewa & Arora, 2001).

Anti-oxidant activity: Root extract is reported ( Prince & Menon, 2001).

Cultivation Technology: It grows well in almost all types of soils and under varying climatic conditions. The plant is cultivated by stem cutting in the month of May-June. Matured stem cuttings 8-10 cm size may be planted either in nursery or in the field directly. It requires some support preferably Neem and Mango trees such plants are supposed to possess better medicinal values. Periodic hoeing is done, both in the nursery & field as per requirement. Compost or organic manure is preferred at nursery level. The field after plantation should be irrigated periodically as and when required weekly or fortnightly.

Harvesting: Matured stem my be obtained between 9 months to one.